首页 运维干货CentOS6.5下使用lnmp架构安装nextcloud云盘

CentOS6.5下使用lnmp架构安装nextcloud云盘

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CentOS6.5下使用lnmp架构安装nextcloud云盘插图

周福金 云技术社区专家,青鸟毕业。来到上海。干过网管,目前从事运维两年,在一家互联网公司工作,喜欢开源技术。希望能和大家一起交流。

作者博客,http://thedream.blog.51cto.com/6427769/1940531

最近两年随着各大网盘纷纷关闭,百度云也早早的就开始限速,文件的安全也没有保障。所以还不如自己搭建一个网盘。网上看了下,发现有一个nextcloud比较好用。支持多平台客户端,支持分享,使用操作简单。支持插件扩展,文件预览,在线协作。

1.安装nginx

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz

tar -zxf nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.10.3

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/data/nginx –user=nginx –group=nginx –with-pcre –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_gzip_static_module

make && make install

2.安装配置php

yum install http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm

yum –enablerepo=remi-php56 install php php-fpm php-mysql php-gd php-xml php-redis php-libs php-devel php-zlib php-mbstring

nginx 和php-fpm 的运行用户这里使用nginx

vim /etc/php-fpm.conf

user = nginx

group = nginx

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME

env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

env[TMP] = /tmp

env[TMPDIR] = /tmp

env[TEMP] = /tmp

3.安装mysql

yum -y install mysql mysql-server

service mysqld start

4.建库,授权

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud_db;
GRANT ALL ON nextcloud_db.* TO ‘nextcloud’@’%’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘nextcloud’; //注意一定要加 “%”,否则无法让网络让任何人上传文件

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

5.安装nextcloud

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-10.0.2.zip –no-check-certificate

unzip nextcloud-10.0.2.zip

mv nextcloud /usr/local/data/nginx/html

/usr/local/data/nginx/html

chown -R nginx.nginx

创建数据目录,这里建议数据目录不要和web目录放到一起

/usr/local/data/nginx/html/nextcloud/data

6.申请证书

为了网盘的安全,有必要使用https 证书,这里可以在阿里云后台申请免费的DV证书

nextcloud

7.配置nginx

创建虚拟主机文件

cd /usr/local/data/nginx/conf

vim nextcloud.conf

upstream php-handler {

server 127.0.0.1:9000;

}

server {
listen 80;

server_name cloud.nextcloud.com;

return 301 https://server_namerequest_uri;
}

server {
listen 443 ssl;
server_name cloud.nextcloud.com;

ssl_certificate /usr/local/data/nginx/conf/nextcloud.crt;

ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/data/nginx/conf/nextcloud.key;

#添加如下header主要为了安全

add_header Strict-Transport-Security “max-age=15768000;
includeSubDomains; preload;”;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-Frame-Options “SAMEORIGIN”;
add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;

#nextcloud代码目录

root /usr/local/data/nginx/html/nextcloud/;

location = /robots.txt {
allow all;
log_not_found off;
access_log off;
}

#为了支持user_webfinger app

rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;

rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;

#这儿是为了支持日历和联系人,建议加上

location = /.well-known/carddav {
return 301 scheme://host/remote.php/dav;
}
location = /.well-known/caldav {
return 301 scheme://host/remote.php/dav;
}

#设置上传文件的最大大小,php也得修改

client_max_body_size 512M;
fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

# Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
gzip off;

error_page 403 /core/templates/403.php;
error_page 404 /core/templates/404.php;

#重要的:将所有请求转发到index.php上

location / {
rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;

}

#安全设置,禁止访问部分敏感内容

location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
deny all;
}
location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
deny all;
}

location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:|/) {
include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)
;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME document_rootfastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
#Avoid sending the security headers twice
fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
fastcgi_pass php-handler;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
fastcgi_request_buffering off;

}

#安全设置,禁止访问部分敏感内容

location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:|/) {
try_files
uri/ =404;
index index.php;
}

# 添加js和css文件的缓存控制头

location ~* \.(?:css|js){
try_files
uri /index.phpuriis_args$args;

add_header Cache-Control “public, max-age=7200”;

add_header Strict-Transport-Security “max-age=15768000;
includeSubDomains; preload;”;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-Frame-Options “SAMEORIGIN”;
add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;

access_log off;
}

location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg){
try_files
uri /index.phpuriis_args$args;

access_log off;
}
}

vim nginx.conf

include nextcloud.conf;

service nginx start

8.配置php上传大小

vim /etc/php.ini

max_execution_time = 0

post_max_size = 512M

upload_max_filesize = 512M

service php-fpm start

9.配置nextcloud

nextcloud

10.nextcloud 配置redis缓存

使用Redis做内存缓存可以有效提升程序运行速度。

curl -O http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.2.8.tar.gz

tar -zxvf redis-3.2.8.tar.gz

cd redis-3.2.8/deps/

make geohash-int hiredis jemalloc linenoise lua

cd ..

make && make install

cd utils/

./install_server.sh

配置redis

vim /etc/redis/6379.conf
# requirepass foobared

 

requirepass ExpvUwNOk9XRawC8

bind 192.168.40.200

启动

redis-server /etc/redis/6379.conf

配置nextcloud

cd /usr/local/nginx/html/nextcloud/config

vim config.php 

‘memcache.local’ => ‘\OC\Memcache\Redis’,

‘redis’ => array(

‘host’ => ‘192.168.40.200’,

‘port’ => 6379,

‘password’ => ‘ExpvUwNOk9XRawC8’,

),

刷新页面

云盘

设置定时

*/15 * * * * /usr/bin/php /usr/local/nginx/html/nextcloud/cron.php >/dev/null

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