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GoTTY - 终端工具变为 Web 应用

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GoTTY 是一个简单的命令行工具,可将您的 CLI 工具变成 Web 应用。

GoTTY - 终端工具变为 Web 应用插图

快速入门

1、安装 GoTTY

# Mac 版
brew install yudai/gotty/gotty

如果你有 GO 的环境,也可以通过如下方式安装:

go get github.com/yudai/gotty

2、GoTTY 用法

Usage: gotty [options] <command> [<arguments...>]
  • options
--address value, -a value     IP address to listen (default: "0.0.0.0") [GOTTY_ADDRESS]
--port value, -p value        Port number to liten (default: "8080") [GOTTY_PORT]
--permit-write, -w            Permit clients to write to the TTY (BE CAREFUL) [GOTTY_PERMIT_WRITE]
--credential value, -c value  Credential for Basic Authentication (ex: user:pass, default disabled) [GOTTY_CREDENTIAL]
--random-url, -r              Add a random string to the URL [GOTTY_RANDOM_URL]
--random-url-length value     Random URL length (default: 8) [GOTTY_RANDOM_URL_LENGTH]
--tls, -t                     Enable TLS/SSL [GOTTY_TLS]
--tls-crt value               TLS/SSL certificate file path (default: "~/.gotty.crt") [GOTTY_TLS_CRT]
--tls-key value               TLS/SSL key file path (default: "~/.gotty.key") [GOTTY_TLS_KEY]
--tls-ca-crt value            TLS/SSL CA certificate file for client certifications (default: "~/.gotty.ca.crt") [GOTTY_TLS_CA_CRT]
--index value                 Custom index.html file [GOTTY_INDEX]
--title-format value          Title format of browser window (default: "{{ .command }}@{{ .hostname }}") [GOTTY_TITLE_FORMAT]
--reconnect                   Enable reconnection [GOTTY_RECONNECT]
--reconnect-time value        Time to reconnect (default: 10) [GOTTY_RECONNECT_TIME]
--max-connection value        Maximum connection to gotty (default: 0) [GOTTY_MAX_CONNECTION]
--once                        Accept only one client and exit on disconnection [GOTTY_ONCE]
--timeout value               Timeout seconds for waiting a client(0 to disable) (default: 0) [GOTTY_TIMEOUT]
--permit-arguments            Permit clients to send command line arguments in URL (e.g. http://example.com:8080/?arg=AAA&arg=BBB) [GOTTY_PERMIT_ARGUMENTS]
--width value                 Static width of the screen, 0(default) means dynamically resize (default: 0) [GOTTY_WIDTH]
--height value                Static height of the screen, 0(default) means dynamically resize (default: 0) [GOTTY_HEIGHT]
--ws-origin value             A regular expression that matches origin URLs to be accepted by WebSocket. No cross origin requests are acceptable by default [GOTTY_WS_ORIGIN]
--term value                  Terminal name to use on the browser, one of xterm or hterm. (default: "xterm") [GOTTY_TERM]
--close-signal value          Signal sent to the command process when gotty close it (default: SIGHUP) (default: 1) [GOTTY_CLOSE_SIGNAL]
--close-timeout value         Time in seconds to force kill process after client is disconnected (default: -1) (default: -1) [GOTTY_CLOSE_TIMEOUT]
--config value                Config file path (default: "~/.gotty") [$GOTTY_CONFIG]
--version, -v                 print the version

3、实践

# 示例
gotty -w python3

访问 http://127.0.0.1:8080 即可在线体验 Python3 环境。

进阶篇

容器化时代,遇到一些问题的时候,会进入容器内部排查问题,依靠命令行确实可以解决,但是效率较低,如果将容器作为 Web 可访问的应用,那么处理问题就会便捷很多。

下面将介绍如何使用 GoTTY 连接 k8s 集群中的任意容器。

1、构建 GoTTY Docker 镜像

已构建好的镜像:registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/tlab/k8s-gotty:latest

  • gotty:可运行的 gotty 程序,查看 [Releases]列表,选择合适的
  • kubernetes.repo:用于下载 kubectl
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
  • Dockerfile:用于构建镜像
FROM centos:latest
RUN yum install -y epel-release kde-l10n-Chinese glibc-common wget
RUN localedef -c -f UTF-8 -i zh_CN zh_CN.utf8
ENV LC_ALL zh_CN.utf8
ADD gotty /root/
ADD kubernetes.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/
RUN yum -y install kubectl
WORKDIR /root
EXPOSE 8080
CMD ["./gotty", "-w", "--permit-arguments", "kubectl", "exec", "-it", "-n"]

2、在 k8s 集群中运行 GoTTY

kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: gotty
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: gotty
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: gotty
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: <此处填具有合适权限的k8s用户名>
      containers:
        - name: gotty
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/tlab/k8s-gotty

          ports:
            - containerPort: 8080
              protocol: TCP

3、暴露 GoTTY 服务

kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: gotty
  name: gotty-service
  namespace: default
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 80
      targetPort: 8080
      nodePort: 38080
  selector:
    k8s-app: gotty
  type: NodePort

4、访问容器

在终端里,进入容器的命令是:

kubectl exec -it -n <Namespace> <PodName>

那么,利用 GoTTY 访问则是 http://:38080/?arg=&arg=

原文转载:https://www.jianshu.com/p/dbeb35ff437d
(版权归原作者所有,侵删)

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