首页 LAMP教程实战案例:实现CentOS 7 编译安装基于 fastcgi 模式的多虚拟主机的wordpress和discuz的LAMP架构

实战案例:实现CentOS 7编译安装基于httpd 模块方式的LAMP

课后练习:

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实战案例2

目标

实现CentOS 7 编译安装基于 fastcgi 模式的多虚拟主机的wordpress和discuz的LAMP架构

环境准备

两台主机:

  • 一台主机:httpd+php(fastcgi模式)
  • 一台主机:mariadb 服务器

软件版本:

  • mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64.tar.gz 通用二进制格式
  • apr-1.7.0.tar.bz2
  • apr-util-1.6.1.tar.bz2
  • httpd-2.4.41.tar.gz
  • php-7.4.3.tar.xz 或 php-7.3.10.tar.bz2
  • wordpress-5.3.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
  • Discuz_X3.4_SC_UTF8【20191201】.zip
实现步骤
二进制安装mariadb
useradd -r -s /sbin/nologin mysql 
tar xvf mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
cd /usr/local
ls -sv mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64 mysql 
cd mysql
chown -R root.root ./* 
mkdir /data/mysql -p
chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql
mkdir /etc/mysql
cp support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
vim /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
[mysqld]
#加三行
datadir =/data/mysql
skip_name_resolve = ON 

#准备PATH变量
vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin/:$PATH
.  /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh

yum install libaio -y
cd /usr/local/mysql;scripts/mysql_install_db  --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql
cp support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
service mysqld start 

#为wordprss和discuz应用准备数据库和用户帐号
mysql -uroot 
mysql> create database wordpress;
mysql> create database discuz;
mysql> grant all on wordpress.* to wpuser@'192.168.8.%' identified by "wppass";
mysql> grant all on discuz.* to discuz@'192.168.8.%' identified by 'dispass';
编译安装 httpd 2.4.41
#安装相关包
yum install gcc pcre-devel openssl-devel expat-devel -y

#编译安装httpd
tar xvf apr-1.7.0.tar.bz2  
tar xvf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.bz2 
tar xf httpd-2.4.41.tar.gz 
mv apr-1.7.0 httpd-2.4.41/srclib/apr
mv apr-util-1.6.1 httpd-2.4.41/srclib/apr-util

cd httpd-2.4.41/
./configure \
--prefix=/apps/httpd24 \
--enable-so \
--enable-ssl \
--enable-cgi \
--enable-rewrite \
--with-zlib \
--with-pcre \
--with-included-apr \
--enable-modules=most \
--enable-mpms-shared=all \
--with-mpm=event

make && make install 

#准备PATH变量
vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
PATH=/apps/httpd24/bin:PATH
 . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh

#创建和配置用户和组
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -r -u 88 apache
vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
user apache
group apache

#修改为event模式,编译时已指定,此项不再需修改,可选项
vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so                                  
#LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
#LoadModule mpm_worker_module modules/mod_mpm_worker.so

httpd -M |grep mpm
mpm_event_module (shared)

apachectl start

[root@centos7 ~]#cat  /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service
[Unit]
Description=The Apache HTTP Server
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
Documentation=man:httpd(8)
Documentation=man:apachectl(8)
[Service]
Type=forking
#EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/httpd
ExecStart=/apps/httpd24/bin/httpdOPTIONS -k start
ExecReload=/apps/httpd24/bin/httpd $OPTIONS -k graceful
ExecStop=/apps/httpd24/bin/apachectl stop
KillSignal=SIGCONT
PrivateTmp=true
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
编译安装 fastcgi 方式的 php 7.4
#安装相关包,依赖EPEL源
#php 7.4 相关包
yum install gcc libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libmcrypt-devel sqlite-devel oniguruma-devel
#php 7.3 相关包
yum install gcc libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libmcrypt-devel 

#php7.4 编译
tar xvf php-7.4.3.tar.xz 
cd php-7.4.3/

./configure \
--prefix=/apps/php74 \
--enable-mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-openssl    \
--with-zlib  \
--with-config-file-path=/etc \
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-xml \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-maintainer-zts \
--disable-fileinfo

#编译安装php 7.3
tar xvf php-7.3.10.tar.bz2
cd php-7.3.10

./configure --prefix=/apps/php73 \
--enable-mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--with-openssl \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-zlib \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--with-config-file-path=/etc \
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-xml \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-maintainer-zts \
--disable-fileinfo

make -j 4 && make install
#准备PATH变量

vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
PATH=/apps/php74/bin:/apps/httpd24/bin:PATH
 . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh

vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
PATH=/apps/php73/bin:/apps/httpd24/bin:PATH
 . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh

[root@centos7 ~]#php --version
PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: Mar 11 2020 15:06:53) ( ZTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies

[root@websrv ~]#/apps/php73/bin/php --version
PHP 7.3.12 (cli) (built: Dec 14 2019 10:20:40) ( ZTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.3.12, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

#准备php配置文件和启动文件
cp php.ini-production  /etc/php.ini

cp  sapi/fpm/php-fpm.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
cd /apps/php73/etc
cp  php-fpm.conf.default  php-fpm.conf
cd  php-fpm.d/
cp www.conf.default www.conf

#修改进程所有者
vim /apps/php74/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
user  apache
group apache 
#支持status和ping页面
pm.status_path = /fpm_status
ping.path = /ping  

#支持opcache加速
mkdir /etc/php.d/
vim /etc/php.d/opcache.ini
[opcache]
zend_extension=opcache.so               
opcache.enable=1

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl status php-fpm.service 
systemctl enable --now  php-fpm.service 
修改配置httpd 支持php-fpm
vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
#取消下面两行的注释
LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
#修改下面行
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html
</IfModule>
#加下面三行
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
ProxyRequests Off

#实现两个虚拟主机
<virtualhost *:80>
servername wordpress.magedu.org
documentroot /data/wordpress
<directory /data/wordpress>
require all granted
</directory>
ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/wordpress/1
#实现status和ping页面
ProxyPassMatch ^/(fpm_status|ping)fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/1 
CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
</virtualhost>

<virtualhost *:80>
servername discuz.magedu.org
documentroot /data/discuz
<directory /data/discuz/>
require all granted
</directory>
ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/discuz/1
CustomLog "logs/access_discuz_log" common
</virtualhost> 

apachectl restart
准备wordpress和discuz! 相关文件
#准备wordpress程序文件
mkdir  /data/
tar xvf  wordpress-5.3.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
mv wordpress/ /data
setfacl –R –m u:apache:rwx /data/wordpress/
#或者chown –R apache.apache /data/wordpress

#准备discuz!程序文件
unzip Discuz_X3.4_SC_UTF8【20191201】.zip 
mkdir /data/discuz
mv upload/* /data/discuz
setfacl -R -m u:apache:rwx /data/discuz/
测试访问
vim /etc/hosts
192.168.100.100 wordpress.magedu.org discuz.magedu.org

打开浏览器访问 http://wordpress.magedu.net 和http://discuz.magedu.net 分别进行初始化和安装

修改成UDS模式
vim /apps/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
;listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
listen = /run/php-fpm.sock
listen.owner = apache
listen.group = apache                                                                    
listen.mode = 0660
systemctl restart php-fpm

ll /run/php-fpm.sock 
srw-rw---- 1 apache apache 0 Dec 14 11:11 /run/php-fpm.sock

vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
<virtualhost *:80>
servername wordpress.magedu.org
documentroot /data/wordpress
<directory /data/wordpress>
require all granted
</directory>
#ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/wordpress/1
ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)"unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/data/wordpress/"
#ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping) fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/1
ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping) "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/"    
CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
</virtualhost>
<virtualhost *:80>
servername wordpress.magedu.org
documentroot /data/wordpress
<directory /data/wordpress>
require all granted
</directory>
#ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/discuz/1
ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)"unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/data/discuz/"
#ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping) fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/1
ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping) "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/"    
CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
</virtualhost>

apachectl restart

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实战案例:实现CentOS 7编译安装基于httpd 模块方式的LAMP

课后练习:

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